For example, the disease malaria is endemic to tropical areas of the world, such as those in South America or Africa. Examples of Endemic Diseases. Mosquitoes in these areas carry dengue fever and transmit it from person to person. of cases of an infectious disease above what is normally expected in a given population in a specific area. with mosquito as its primary host and carrier. Malaria, per the CDC, is another example of an endemic disease in certain areas. Endemic. Last summer’s dengue fever outbreak in Hawaii is as an example. Hepatitis B Virus The term endemic refers to the constant presence and/or usual prevalence of a disease or infectious agent in a population within a geographic area. Although the infection is ubiquitous, symptoms of disease do not appear equally across age groups. This level is not necessarily the desired level, which may in fact be zero, but rather is the observed level. The amount of a particular disease that is usually present in a community is referred to as the baseline or endemic level of the disease. It is said to originate and endemic to Africa where the environment and temperature is perfect for the disease to cultivate. Low and middle-income countries are more suffering from high burden of disease than developed countries (Lopez et al., 2006). Dengue fever is endemic to certain regions of Africa, Central and South America, and the Caribbean. An endemic disease, Berry explains, is consistently present in the community, but at a stable and predictable level. A more realistic scenario is that it will be added to the (large and growing) family of infectious diseases that are what is known as “endemic” in the human population. Prevention and Control of Locally Endemic Diseases. ... Berry pointed to the H1N1 outbreak in 2009 as an example … Malaria; A disease caused by a Protozoan Parasite (Plasmodium spp.) Hyperendemic refers to the persistent, higher levels of disease prevalence in a particular place. For example, chickenpox is endemic (steady state) in the United Kingdom, but malaria is not. Worldwide, countries are facing various public health problems but at unequal intensity. For example, chickenpox is considered endemic in the UK, but malaria is not. Examples of major epidemics include cholera and diarrhoeal diseases, measles, malaria, and dengue fever. The young are more likely to express pathogenic responses, whilst the older hosts will carry the disease asymptomatically, or with reduced damage, due to adaptive immunity. But in 2019 there was an outbreak of dengue fever in Hawaii, where the disease is not endemic. Keywords: control of endemic diseases, locally endemic diseases. 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