"I call toddlerhood the ‘hitting stage’ of development because this behavior can be common in children between 1 and 2 years old," says Deborah Glasser Schenck, Ph.D., director of … In infants younger than 1 year old, most serious head injuries are related to child abuse. If your child has hit her head on a hard surface because she fell from a high spot (her high chair, the changing table) or if you spot any of the following symptoms, head to the emergency room with your toddler: She’s lost consciousness (even for a moment) or appears totally dazed. Your wobbly toddler might tumble from the kitchen chair he insists on climbing. They can hurt the scalp, skull, brain, or blood vessels. Children under 4 are the most frequent victims of head injuries, and young athletes get mild-to-serious concussions on a regular basis. Though it may be alarming to parents, this behaviour is pretty common—about a quarter of toddlers will hit themselves in the face or head with some regularity, says Kiran Pure, a registered clinical child psychologist in Halifax. Goose eggs, a knot on the head, bruises and complaints of a headache leave parents wondering if that bump on the head is worthy of a call to the doctor. A head injury is also often called a brain injury or traumatic brain injury (TBI), depending on the extent of the injury. Head injuries are common in children and teens. Children often bump their heads accidentally, resulting in minor bumps, bruises, or cuts in the scalp, but no damage to the brain inside. Children often bump or bang their heads, and it can be difficult to tell whether an injury is serious or not. “Head banging often starts after about six months of age and peaks at 18 to 24 months,” he says. At first glance, minor head injuries can seem worse than they really are, so don’t panic (even if it’s your first instinct). The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends that you call your child's doctor for anything more than a light bump on your child's head. These accidents may upset you, but your anxiety is usually worse than the injury. 00:06 However, if your child falls from a high place such as a high chair, tabletop, countertop, or changing table onto a hard floor, AND you know baby hit head first, you should probably go straight to an ER without even contacting your doctor. She can’t stop crying. How to treat head injuries in children. Or your baby rolls off the bed when you turn your attention away for a moment. Many head injuries are mild, and simply result in a small lump or bruise. Head injuries can be mild, like a bump on the head, or more serious, like a concussion. From a countertop at just the right height to a fall on the playground, there are all kinds of ways children can take a bump to the head, especially toddlers. Any knock to the head is considered a head injury. In kids, most are mild and don't injure the brain. Child’s Temperament: Could the behavior be explained, in part, by your child’s way of approaching the world? Most head injuries in children are minor. Head injury Almost all children will bump their heads, especially when they are babies or toddlers and are just learning to roll over, crawl, or walk. She vomits several times. Sometimes, more serious injuries happen. For example, some hitting and biting is normal for toddlers, but biting multiple times during the week would be more of a concern. A head injury can be as mild as a bump, bruise (contusion), or cut on the head. A head injury is any kind of damage to the scalp, skull, brain, or other tissue and blood vessels in the head. 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