%%EOF 0000086056 00000 n 0000010590 00000 n They are often most abundant in fields that have been heavily grazed. '�I8'�)8U���pM���L5�Iy^)��ka�U��תע���ց�0!i6��TOГ�ɂ�22�f ԡ���!�!�C�PƝ�� ��rɹCf��28����i�N38���,��d�Ǻ��>�t�y�DuA�aj���Ϗ.��ވK��W� |��; endstream endobj 59 0 obj <>stream Weeds and Their Control: Spiny Pigweed (Amaranthus spinosus) by Karen. 0000013732 00000 n A pair of spines in the leaf axils, often dense presence of axillary 5–10 mm diameter fruit capsular, dehiscent. Needle burr Amaranthus spinosus leaves_Forest and Kim Starr 2006.jpg Report the presence of this pest before undertaking control Information about this pest can be … �*X��Y�����}������|�x�n�V�͊`0�������d�_.z�4[DK��7{+{i ���5�\e#�NR|0|��Q�e�`�G)㚁yǓ���������m�OA �B����V���,���S����%m:�Ƭ �D�E��1��0��(�~�C����Q�x��p��Bh�g�i;Qf�\-W+��t6�����R�s���qBӡ�G缾&��� k���e)g�ԮFm �pKkՐqdv愇kv$�!SsTU�`_���*k�?4��c��AT9� Although Telar is very effective on spiny amaranth, there are few other weeds that it can control. )>J�8?x ?�W� ���Q endstream endobj 217 0 obj <>stream It is relevant for Myanmar Leaves are occasionally found for sale on markets. 0000009601 00000 n 0000010037 00000 n 0000372220 00000 n Common name. Control The herbicides Telar (chlorsulfuron) and Milestone and GrazonNext HL (both possessing aminopyralid as the Treat spiny amaranth with DuraCor® herbicide when actively growing for best control. H��S�n�0}�W�G,c!d�"�i2�j5i�O���$l#]����CG'5�`|}ι�g��e6Z�/`�kQ��ep'�x���$�_�\C %PDF-1.6 %���� Geographic subdivisions for Amaranthus spinosus: SCo, w DMoj : MAP CONTROLS 1. Origins: Native to tropical America (Randall, 2002). The wasp Psytallia fletcheri (Silvestri) (Hymenoptera: Braconidae), a larval parasitoid, is the most effective biological control agent located. The nutritional value of Amaranthus spinosus is comparable to that of other vegetable amaranths.Amaranthus leaves contain per 100 g edible portion: water 84.0 g, energy 176 kJ (42 kcal), protein 4.6 g, fat 0.2 g, carbohydrate 8.3 g, fibre 1.8 g, Ca 410 mg, P 103 mg and Fe 8.9 mg (Leung, W.-T.W., Busson, F. & Jardin, C., 1968). Weed Technology, 8(2):199-202. Spiny amaranth is a native to tropical America and can be found throughout Tennessee. T88(n�Y��v�A���a�3éo=4J�>�ճ=jev�Q`z�Z�p�5���q�� 0000003807 00000 n � 1999. Distribution: Cosmopolitan in warm temperate and tropical regions but increasingly found in temperate Field trials were conducted near Yoakum during 1991 and 1992 on Tremona loamy fine sand to evaluate the efficacy of 8 post-em. Its widespread distribution and its sharp spines, which deter grazing and interfere with m… l�� "ѩ�Dx��,��GɦEٷ�����g�F'��c�ĩ��L�{ �����"!��K��Aj(*h����{*Ӽ��ijU��ܐT���Dk� �I��"/P������l�?L|;�À���Y�PO�Z�u©��\ �6k�'jP�OM����a4L�l�5/?f٤��c������5���w8ax�l����U�}�5 �7�����r � ���ʦ���(�j�}�� 7uW�� ��թ8���en��݄? ���'"��� *�9y��@��3���va endstream endobj 209 0 obj <>stream There are several weeds that it is nearly impossible to eliminate and this is one of them. )��[�� Native to tropical regions of the New World, Amaranthus spinosus is now an introduced weed in many areas far outside its original range. 3)Ӽ����w� ��b: ��5���:���6{7gyQeuKO�=ena�����I1��y�驿oz�lz���gw� Q `�X�cv�N��������,�����.��Mn|�&�̊!�Fiu�H��ۂ�7��쪘��ʾ��$g���~�����x��k�# b��_ �ҳ� ؐ�9�f7,c�؈�Y� ������C?8�}0 UV�. 0000069119 00000 n H�\��n�0��y endstream endobj 204 0 obj <> endobj 205 0 obj <> endobj 206 0 obj <>stream Spiny amaranth, sometimes called spiny pigweed, is a troublesome weed of vegetables, row crops, and pasture in warm climates. 0000002218 00000 n ��^�һ/�wS���ߤ~UL��$-��� Information about Amaranthus spinosus diagnosis, including distribution and treatment advice We could not find any reference to the use of spiny pigweed specifically as food. Some amaranth species are cultivated as leaf vegetables, pseudocereals, and ornamental plants.Most of the Amaranthus species are summer annual weeds and are commonly referred to as pigweeds. It isn't as common as its relative A. hybridus here in the Midwest. 0000007872 00000 n 0000003421 00000 n 0000007036 00000 n In Korea, Lee et al. Selected references. axils) of the leaves. Spiny amaranth, or spiny pigweed, (‎Amaranthus spinosus) is an annual pigweed species that’s critical to control as it has been linked to nitrate toxicity in … Catkin-like cymes of densely packed flowers grow in summer or autumn. Spiny pigweed is an annual native to tropical America but has spread into the eastern US and California where it inhabits disturbed areas including cultivated fields, roadsides, and lawns. Amaranthus spinosusis also used as forage and said to increase the yield of milk in cattle. �C�.wc�0�8 �CP�`K�+��Y>����1P����f�e�پo�vt���R���m��z� ut�xj���\���ܛ��y�gy���_�x�v�K�\��g����=���!>g����C۝�������[����؍�p��k�1�������Ӵ�m��������Z��G�VY��ƭ�ñ���e��>. Amaranthus spinosus L. Linnaeus, C. von (1753) Species Plantarum 2: 991. Usually flowers and fruits as a weedy plant about 1 m tall. ��(D"���Ia��q̆>�C�=a��WC'ُ�ܚ%���.\�/�>�3��~�b- W�r\�BX�Ya���V��$ٓ�h�~�0$[A�c*�� 0000003309 00000 n h��Zms�6���1�� ^ও��I�8�Em����ۼH�BRq�_ςԫEK��8I`,��v�c�(�es���b��XGB�>N"i4�&R��6� ѻH;łG�Np�#�3"2�Y.pU�M�NG��?�D.�r��А�T�h4�IN�� �g@#Q� Τ�'t���D�rD:�,Fq1�� �>K������j�u-�0:M�߻����R��z�t� 195 38 Amaranthus spinosus is a traditional medicinal herb that belongs to Amaranthaceae, it has been used in the treatment of inflammation, depression, diabetes, wound, malaria and pain (Ilhem et al., 2016). Leaves 0000026788 00000 n It isn't as common as its relative A. hybridus here in the Midwest. endstream endobj 231 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/Index[14 181]/Length 29/Size 195/Type/XRef/W[1 1 1]>>stream A. spinosus is very rich in proteins (12.6 Amaranthus spinosus leaves and young plants are collected for home consumption as a cooked, steamed or fried vegetable, especially during periods of drought. H�\��n�0E�� Native to the lowland tropics in the Americas, spiny amaranth has spread through tropical and subtropical latitudes around the world (Holm et al., 1991), has become a major weed of rice in the Philippines (Chauhan and Johnson, 2009), and is moving into temperate regions in the United States. But amaranthus spinosus leaves do contain low level of oxalates, which is not a good thing for people with special medical condition such as kidney stones or gallstones. %PDF-1.4 %���� (Amaranthaceae)[] is an annual herb found throughout India and also in many tropical countries.The roots are used as a laxative, as emollient poultice,[] as antimalarial,[] antioxidant,[] anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, and antidiuretic agents, and also in hepatic disorders. =[�Rő�FD��t##�9ꕊ�䒺Ǎ�� j��*apG#C*4��ԏ�#�i�h�-'�dv�/���D�##U%�1$um"K���U������C�.�1�)r�D��i�0��%�$Q�3 �@�VѼ!fG2&�s��#� 2x�1M�KL06h��K�sM�`H'4����&yrC��^�$Cc��L��^��1�����`o����+�]G߱㏨�!�,�����b0+�0A���+vR�5�Cs�����2���d~4��/^�:'�EqP����=���a�}��M���g��>�eO�ua{���qh�Il/v�����5u�.�?5��yQ�z�l�X*�S�w#t*�Jz�b�S|������%���'��)��]�8�?xv�dt��O(O���uuΎ�Ҝ���xJ�~4*n��(|�|(���� :��l��G7i��^t������, 8jU��T��1(�v�sdEÑ���#��� }��'[���x����tTAyN����#v��q��.���(f����V�@��F;~�Z���i�� ͊I l��ޛ��w�&�x�tq������� �;�q*ڔ������I~��Y"�0��)���R7㺙�͸nV �n� Herbicides were applied on plants with 5-6 leaves and rates of 0, 16R, 4TR, 1/4R, 1/16R, 1/64R. Amaranthus spinosus has many medicinal properties like astringent, diaphore… Amaranthus spinosus Leaf Meal as Potential Dietary Protein Source in the Practical Diets for Clarias gariepinus (Burchell, 1822) ... Clarias gariepinus fingerlings fed with the control diet (diet 1) had the highest weight gain while diet 5 had the poorest weight gain. 232 0 obj <>stream H�\��j�0��~ h�b```b``Nb`c`�[� Ā B�@Q�\o�;_00��my(����vC��3�.��iB���YY���\�T����,,`[r�3�kxEGG�T0���A�B3��� DX.�l1bK�5O����b�`1`�c� Spiny amaranth (Amaranthus spinosus L.) is a common weed of grazed pastures and hayfields in Kentucky. <<10544B4674A26040A245D270018C67F4>]/Prev 1113014/XRefStm 1401>> The nutritional value of Amaranthus spinosus is comparable to that of other vegetable amaranths.Amaranthus leaves contain per 100 g edible portion: water 84.0 g, energy 176 kJ (42 kcal), protein 4.6 g, fat 0.2 g, carbohydrate 8.3 g, fibre 1.8 g, Ca 410 mg, P 103 mg and Fe 8.9 mg (Leung, W.-T.W., Busson, F. & Jardin, C., 1968). 55 0 obj <> endobj 111 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<43F1E95F002742B9969A84CD960A35FC>]/Index[55 126]/Info 54 0 R/Length 214/Prev 398681/Root 56 0 R/Size 181/Type/XRef/W[1 3 1]>>stream 0000013373 00000 n Amaranthus spinosus. � ��G�#�I��|��͵���G��1�x��M��~����G��~�x��x? It can be a serious weed of rice cultivation in Asia. 0000020616 00000 n 0000017091 00000 n Distribution: Cosmopolitan in warm temperate and tropical regions but increasingly found in temperate INTRODUCTION. 0000003195 00000 n Leaves are elliptic- obavate, acute base, apex are acutely emarginated. 0000032221 00000 n The susceptibility of the following Amaranthus species to post-emergence applied herbicides was evaluated: A. deflexus, A. hybridus, A. retroflexus, A. spinosus and A. viridis.The herbicides were: trifloxysulfuron-sodium and chlorimuron-ethyl. 0000009498 00000 n �7!�d2�&L�]�&%�`�%�9&���]��+|e�V�F���[']�* �ٰ�9d%^�xN�fk��޳�aN_��CG�^�G��x��P� ��%K~�^���k��s�M�I�o �U��r �i]�0g������ �^�&�u����Tmۓ#BJ �N_��dߛ5G�F���c���v����W��'B�&�f��~i���\��c0x6��� cԞ1�{8 WHAT TO LOOK FOR. Amaranthus spinosus root, 250g of Talinum triangulare root, 500g of Talinum triangulare root, ... Amaranthus spinosus and Talinum Triangulare. At higher concentration (20%) significant reduction of 44.8% to 73.1% and 39.9% to 64.64% were observed in leaf and stem extract of Cassia tora, Amaranthus spinosus, Xanthium strumarium and Cassia sericea as compared to control. ,�u[Tm��X0xv��0�q,c~�y��sa�F�^{m��v {W����f��-����D�q@� tL� endstream endobj 56 0 obj <>>> endobj 57 0 obj <>/ExtGState<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageC]/Shading<>/XObject<>>>/Rotate 0/TrimBox[0.0 0.0 612.0 792.0]/Type/Page>> endobj 58 0 obj <>stream 0000004891 00000 n These plants are Amaranthus spinosus, Azadirachta indica, Celtis australis, ... Weed control at the early vegetative phase is a must in turmeric cultivation, and paucity of labor is an emerging phenomenon in many countries, including India, which leaves the option for herbicide use as an effective means to control weeds. Plant Details Taxonomy: Amaranthus spinosus L. Family Amaranthaceae (also placed in Chenopodiaceae) Common names: needle burr, spiny amaranth, spiny pigweed. Spiny amaranth is most prevalent in high traffic and bareground areas, such as feeding and watering areas, but can quickly move throughout ... difficult to control due to a long germination period, rapid and large growth, prolific seed Seeds should be sown to a depth of 1–2 cm (0.4–0.8 in) in rows spaced 50 cm (20 in) apart. Control Mowing can suppress spiny pigweed growth and seed Amaranthus spinosus L. Fig. 0000001078 00000 n A leafy, many-branched plant, often with reddish stems, and pairs of sharp spines at the stem nodes. endstream endobj 208 0 obj <>stream endstream endobj 210 0 obj <> endobj 211 0 obj <> endobj 212 0 obj <> endobj 213 0 obj <>stream Introduction Amaranthus spinosus L. (Amaranthaceae) is a common weed found by roadsides, in waste places, fields, and cul … The stems are green or reddish-purple in colour and can be hairless (i.e. herbicides, alone or in various mixtures, for the control of A. spinosus in groundnuts. �5�S���u:����G��k?� L4��H��2��E�~oE��j4$�?sR�Y��U6>�ʪ��6�b��{��ޥ- _1���5�Е��О��Y6�o�s|�͇�&8�"�&�m���?DEW�H�����G�Z-zOT��j�%��k���4��. Amaranthus spinosus plants is used as a tenderizer in cooking tough vegetables such as cowpea leaves and pigeon peas. The following herbicides were applied: acifluorfen alone (at 0.42 kg/ha) or in combination with bentazone (0.42 + 0.84 and 0.28 + 0.56 kg, resp. Galinato MI, Moody K, Piggin CM. �J� Grichar WJ, 1994. glabrous) or sparsely hairy (i.e. The pest management decision guide provides information on how to prevent, monitor and control Amaranthus spinosus. A search for biological control agents of the weeds Tithonia tubaeiformis in Chapingo, Mexico and of T. tubaeiformis, Amaranthus hybridus and Amaranthus spinosus in Tecalitlan, Jalisco, Mexico, undertaken in 1987-88 resulted in the identification of 5 insect species feeding on T. tubaeiformis, and 2 insect species and an unidentified bacterium on Amaranthus spp. 6a��lʾ�[��ݱ��12�o���Rh�NF�uIV������K�T؅���]���t���^�ޕY:� Z�5���˨]���}:���ɛ��>�gCڗ��t����_����^ 0000001401 00000 n The releases have been so successful that the weevil may replace the use of herbicides for control of this weed. Its small green flowers are in dense spikes at stem tips and upper leaf axils. }7v�����b[P�hJ��{+h4.�Ď�h��~VeU0��^L�e��:4E7 ������,h�&1�^ؐ�5���:�J�]AS +��ۻ���=�Gpin/�1�J��No������SV�%:u���*Ž���ޅ�Rte��+.�`�&�f/���|��UO��raO�~ns˞jw_��90�A�;��_�5�i��Y��;�lZ+��#� �{� It has rough, erect stems and grows up to 6 feet tall. h�bb�d`b``Ń3� �0@� �� Spiny amaranth is primarily a weed of pastures and hay fields, and occurs less often in agronomic crops and turfgrass. ��Y�߁�!�>�_��d�G� Q��� h���?AQ�s���]d�Ql��d`Q&�Lb�JR>�3X���(��|v��8�c�_��n�ޞ�����*)DB(!-(��zBu�΍s���s6�o�靝�3ar`�� �y����cK�Y���v�0�g�_"�ܶ�L֙7`�ʜsx�y�����sl��,�6�R����اz��ls�#i$�"O)��Z(s��'������? Precautions of Amaranthus Spinosus Health benefits of Amaranthus spinosus are actually very high compared to any other herbal medicine from its calcium properties. California county polygons can be turned off and on in the layer control box. Cultural control: hoeing and hand weeding. �S{h�x��@�����ڠ����������k�7귤�!��A� `2�!��A� `2�!��A�7Aބy�M�7Aބy�-0oy����������T�U�U�Q�Q�Q�Q�Q�Q�Q�Q�� 4�*�*�*�*�N�L�gE��~�����_��&��/�������l`62���f#����l`62���f#����l`6�#�?Z`��(S���L'�����6����d�iTs������.��` �[� .�E��I A��4�}�N? ��� Weed Description A summer annual that is very similar in appearance to other pigweeds but has spines along the stems. 0000005516 00000 n 0000001581 00000 n Seeds germinate best with light, so tillage is a way to help control this annual invasive. vegetables consumed in Africa, Amaranthus hybridus (smooth pigweed) was the least toxic and proceeded Chateau®, Sencor®, Gramoxone Inteon®, Pursuit®, to recommend its use as an edible foodstuff. Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela (New catalogue of the vascular flora of Venezuela). Amaranthus spinosus, commonly known as the spiny amaranth, spiny pigweed, prickly amaranth or thorny amaranth, is a plant is native to the tropical Americas, but is present on most continents as an introduced species and sometimes a noxious weed. endstream endobj 214 0 obj <> endobj 215 0 obj <> endobj 216 0 obj <>stream �%�-������Fje@+h�*�� �,��ܱ~��U�$l�@`��kQZc�~,�#7>"7��&��Ėl¸G [�F6m��� ܱ4FZ� � 3. Conversely, if residual control cannot be obtained, then low-cost options must be found so that multiple applications can be made each season. 0000011348 00000 n Spiny Amaranth Amaranthus spinosus L. Classification and Description Spiny amaranth, also known as hogweed, spiny pig-weed, spiny carelessweed, or stickerweed, is an erect summer annual that is a member of the pigweed family (Amaranthaceae). Global_description: Amaranthus spinosus is an erect, many-branched annual herb growing up to 1.5 m. Keywords: Amaranthus spinosus L. (Amaranthaceae); analgesic, anti-inflammatory, castor oil, gastric mucosal erosion, prostaglandin. on December 6, 2016. Spiny Amaranth (Amaranthus spinosus L.) control in peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.). 'Stickerweed' is the west Kentucky slang term for spiny amaranth, Amaranthus spinosus. Since long-term control will not be obtained, 2 or 3 applications per season should effectively manage spiny amaranth for the entire season. 0000012684 00000 n The leaves are edible and nutritious. endstream endobj 196 0 obj <>/Metadata 12 0 R/Pages 11 0 R/StructTreeRoot 14 0 R/Type/Catalog/ViewerPreferences<>>> endobj 197 0 obj <>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageC]/XObject<>>>/Rotate 0/StructParents 0/TrimBox[0.0 0.0 612.0 792.0]/Type/Page>> endobj 198 0 obj <> endobj 199 0 obj <> endobj 200 0 obj <> endobj 201 0 obj <> endobj 202 0 obj <> endobj 203 0 obj <>stream Weed * Stem. Burr, Needle; Needle Burr; Spiny Amaranth; Spiny Pigweed. startxref H�\��n�0��z 0000008343 00000 n Amaranthus spinosus is definitely one of those plants you love to hate. Spiny amaranth (Amaranthus spinosus L.) is a common weed of grazed pastures and hayfields in Kentucky. 2. 0000008746 00000 n Origins: Native to tropical America (Randall, 2002). �? Imazethapyr controlled 72-90% of A. spinosus, whereas bentazone and pyridate failed to provide adequate control (Grichar, 1994). I remember my grandpa digging them on here on the farm when I was a kid. Chemical control: butachlor as preemergence and propanil or 2,4-D as postemergence treatments are reported for control of A. spinosus. Caracas, Venezuela: Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela, 860 pp. 0000006300 00000 n Leaves alternate and are a dull green. The plants should be thinned to a final within row spacing of 20 cm (8 in). ��\}�!�/2 o�[�x'�. �(�����+د��+0=��@~ ��I���O�O�O�O�O�O�O�O�O�O�� 8П���Z�߾i�)Y�Lm:� CABI 1 reports that Hypolixus truncatulus has been released in Thailand for the control of Amaranthus spinosus, a major weed of many crops. Amaranthus spinosus is a ANNUAL growing to 0.6 m (2ft) by 0.2 m (0ft 8in). 0000001740 00000 n y"� endstream endobj startxref 0 %%EOF 180 0 obj <>stream Two sharp spines (5-12 mm long) are located in the forks (i.e. on December 6, 2016. You can change the display of the base map and layers by clicking on the layer control box in the upper right-hand corner. Other names that readers may be familiar with are spiny pigweed or prickly amaranth. H��Tmo�0�ί�OS,�@‹TU��:��$觱&1�Rbg8���������D��|�n�7X�\����WO�\�����-�\^^ߢ���7�2⇞�f�(MaY���VT2���mY�Z@kDR����w,BPpe� Weed Risk Assessment: Amaranthus spinosus 1. 0000004273 00000 n ( 30 ) • Antidepressant: Study evaluated the antidepressant activity of methanolic extract of A. spinosus on Forced Swimming Test (FST) and Tail Suspension Test (TST) models. Seed shiny black x�l���� c�-F �+���gY�4���|�(ڜSZ�����0*��Y�m��FYv`H�$�����>9]�q��U��q�������" �@�`� �Eh`Ӫ�r��������&��������@�:vu��]إw�!I�"XS�rC��ֽĢe)���Rچ�D!��}��ײ$Y�t��ҩ��0����z��W({>��݌���P��5���$9M�q�t�9�Qk�B; t-����0�J������2�Fg�� Native to tropical regions of the New World, Amaranthus spinosus is now an introduced weed in many areas far outside its original range. Spiny amaranth, or spiny pigweed, (‎Amaranthus spinosus) is an annual pigweed species that’s critical to control as it has been linked to nitrate toxicity in livestock. There are several weeds that it is nearly impossible to eliminate and this is one of them. endstream endobj 207 0 obj <>stream At normal therapeutic doses, Amaranthus spinosus is considered safe for the treatment of liver problems. 0000004368 00000 n Amaranthus spinosus is definitely one of those plants you love to hate. ��F�jC=��کI�k�&i���l鹖�Z��.�+� Type: Habitat in Indiis. H��T�n�@}�ẈW�eח�-EH$@��i���KRUl�[_6��}g�&5RQ!�jf��9gfx�F���Um H>�慀ie}�F�:-��h�9-W`�rx�����������|D � F�(�? X��� A leafy, many-branched plant, often with reddish stems, and pairs of sharp spines at the stem nodes. I remember my grandpa digging them on here on the farm when I was a kid. 0000012006 00000 n 0000009086 00000 n Weed Risk Assessment: Amaranthus spinosus 1. Upland rice weeds of South and Southeast Asia. 1f Wild Fodder, leafy vegetable, medicine Inflorescence in spikes to upper nodes, axillary glomerules present or not. At higher concentration (20%) significant reduction of 44.8% to 73.1% and 39.9% to 64.64% were observed in leaf and stem extract of Cassia tora, Amaranthus spinosus, Xanthium strumarium and Cassia sericea as compared to control. General care and maintenance Amaranth is easy to care for and requires little maintenance. Amaranthus spinosus L. Meaning_of_the_name: Amaranthus - derives from the greek word "amarantos" meaning immortal or unfading and "anthos" meaning flower, and refers to long lasting qualities of of the flower; spinosus: spiny. }G�u�1.w �x7��_�h���;u�.e~�9>���HZ'���W7(��{��� ���܎·�5Qw�a�Bt���b�2'�#Kp��E��X��ݮ�|�Ђ:��lŭ1����\o'������f���n�AʮQ Plant Details Taxonomy: Amaranthus spinosus L. Family Amaranthaceae (also placed in Chenopodiaceae) Common names: needle burr, spiny amaranth, spiny pigweed. But amaranthus spinosus leaves do contain low level of oxalates, which is not a good thing for people with special medical condition such as kidney stones or gallstones. Spiny Amaranth (Spiny Pigweed) Control in Pastures 2 long-term control of spiny amaranth. puberulous). �b1by"+A �$����S!��� ���;6�Bp�X1�����ş-��k,X?q%֟A�� Hokche O; Berry PE; Huber O, 2008. �Cpb[�L�8 ����{�j�(��o�]OH�[���j�6.ۃo���:�`΍�_�[�؜���h������j�Wm�G����u����]��&����F��\w'�E�[�94�b�������[��p�~0�٘��R��_˖M��_8�26&���D���i (2007) found pendimethalin on its own ineffective in pastures, but pendimethalin combined with mecocrop, mecocrop alone, or dicamba, gave good control. Amaranthus is a cosmopolitan genus of annual or short-lived perennial plants collectively known as amaranths. 195 0 obj <> endobj H���ao�@���+�#���.�4MZ�I/��%�O��B�"ׂ�^�}gf�+�6�qaw����/�Y2��Ma0Zl�..F_Ӻ '���Gw��0\^^�P�u2��1x�����T���gSUeۖ�:oZ�6ۼ�18)��ʺ@Mw.|C�=p��`@� �����t�!Q�6�!ˉ��O����n�M��Z���1nL�剚_����. 0000002766 00000 n Alternate names Spiny Pigweed. 0 0000000016 00000 n Spiny pigweed is an annual native to tropical America but has spread into the eastern US and California where it inhabits disturbed areas including cultivated fields, roadsides, and lawns. @�hW@- ����w.��@�9�p���m7�M~�c��=�C7��x��`��&�m׷�j����L&����e ��pMU��n^��f6�x�&�>wa}���?�d��?��Ŧ��m��k3}k��&��Ӯ��~�=�O���l�0�؅�Դan�S0U�_m�w�j�����ñ��̦�^�9M�Ǩ���c�x��������-�{�K�k�j�i�uR�L�_�3�=9�匯�j���T��Sd�tN�CԅjG�u�=5��j�&��#���Po������������Y��O�{K�[�5/�=������1���^~��+�ZO������k ��Y?�L%̹ �Bf��Y�,d0��;2���f!��Y�,`2��9� �v}�x��e���u��-b+�~@'�C�w�4NVOa�� i0� The leaves are edible and nutritious. xref h�b```f``�d`e`��� € "@16�w�8�*cX���8�q|�sU9+���e�{਄��"N�ũ��*����;: ���ʡL����@�� �p�Vb��:�z�ƿ �,��60X0�90y1�M`��`x�q��F]� �LL:���?0uu��`��@�+c�B���NL��n�1�0T�\�� ���^� /����@��� #�7� Control -polluted and not amended TPH, PAH, enzymatic activities and pH were analysed for twelve weeks at four weeks interval. �CEK��B�h+q���hb:��@��l\u�"�I��8QY+�M����8A�9pn� \��9���vf�ϖ���"��8a_�vPy�m�S����\��-X����WY� �o��`�n� Xl�C/�mz�h��+K��4�I��9{�x�oŌ,��1wE�oh��i Spiny amaranth is most prevalent in high traffic and bareground areas, such as feeding and watering areas, but can quickly move throughout ... difficult to control due to a long germination period, rapid and large growth, prolific seed Precautions of Amaranthus Spinosus Health benefits of Amaranthus spinosus are actually very high compared to any other herbal medicine from its calcium properties. 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