Skol! [9] That suggestion has not been generally taken up. It was believed that he was in an unhappy marriage with Skade (Skaði), the goddess of hunting, mountains and skiing. Heimdall's other names were Hallinskiði, Gullintanni, Vindhlér or Vindlér, and Rig. Loki was the trickster god, a shapeshifter who blurred the line behind good and evil. In Greek mythology, the white winged horse Pegasus was the son of Poseidon and the gorgon Medusa. And so, when our leaders saw this army, they ... recognised the aid of Christ, whose leaders were St. George, Mercurius, and Demetrius. Although the name is Gaulish, dedicatory inscriptions to Epona are in Latin or, rarely, Greek. [15] As Epane she is attested in Cantabria, northern Spain, on Mount Bernorio, Palencia,[16] as Iccona Loiminna[dubious – discuss] in Portugal on the Lusitanian inscription of Cabeço das Fráguas. This custom roots in the ancient Eastern belief that stolen land would lose its fertility. Hildisvini: Battle Boar. Poseidon was also the creator of horses, creating them out of the breaking waves when challenged to make a beautiful land animal. He courts the giantess Gerd through his servant Skirnir. Sometimes, Age and Loki is also considered Aesirs. The Hungarian name for God was, and remains "Isten" and they followed Steppe Tengriism. The second set of horses are referred to as "the four spirits of heaven, going out from standing in the presence of the Lord of the whole world." Loki, the Norse god whose mischief and shenanigans knew no limits, was such an ambiguous character, with his role moving from darkly malicious and evil to helpful but cunning. The city of Hanoi honours a white horse as its patron saint with a temple dedicated to this revered spirit, the White Horse or Bach Ma Temple ( "bach" means white and "ma" is horse). The Norse culture honored a wide variety of gods, and many are still worshipped today by Asatruar and Heathens. [21] However, the Greek word chloros, translated as pale, is often interpreted as sickly green or ashen grey rather than white. She was incorporated into the imperial cult by being invoked on behalf of the Emperor, as Epona Augusta or Epona Regina. Was cut out of the grass. Al-Buraq was also said to transport Abraham (Ibrâhîm) when he visited his wife Hagar (Hājar) and son Ishmael (Ismâ'îl). Unicorns are (generally white) horse-like creatures with a single horn. The West Country traditional hobby-horse riders parading on May Day at Padstow, Cornwall and Minehead, Somerset, which survived to the mid-twentieth century, even though Morris dances had been forgotten, was thought by folklorists through the 20th Century to have deep roots in the veneration of Epona, as may the British aversion to eating horsemeat. A euhemeristic account of Epona's origin occurs in the Parallela Minora, which were traditionally attributed to Plutarch (but are now classed as "Pseudo-Plutarch"): Fulvius Stellus hated women and used to consort with a mare and in due time the mare gave birth to a beautiful girl and they named her Epona. However, unlike in the movies, Thor is usually depicted with red hair and a full beard. Sculptures of Epona fall into five types, as distinguished by Benoît: riding, standing or seated before a horse, standing or seated between two horses, a tamer of horses in the manner of potnia theron and the symbolic mare and foal. The second clan, Vanir, contains the fertility gods and count Njord, Freyr, and Freyja as their most notable members. And the English nursery rhyme "Ride a cock horse to Banbury Cross" refers to a lady on a white horse who may be associated with the Celtic goddess Rhiannon.[33]. In Book I, "The Vision of the King," he writes of earliest England, invoking the white horse hill figure and the gods: Before the gods that made the gods The 11th-century king, Lý Công Uẩn (also known as King Lý Thái Tổ) had a vision of a white horse representing a river spirit which showed him where to build his citadel.[32]. Had seen their sunrise pass, [24] At Padstow formerly, at the end of the festivities the hobby-horse was ritually submerged in the sea. In: This page was last edited on 28 December 2020, at 03:29. In Gallo-Roman religion, Epona was a protector of horses, ponies, donkeys, and mules. NERTHUS: She was the Norse goddess of peace, happiness and wealth. Arguably the most famous of the Norse gods, Thor (Þórr in Old Norse), the god of thunder, with his burly might and boisterous ways, epitomized the formidable warrior who was accorded high status in the Germanic society of ancient and early medieval times. Njord was generally seen as the chief of the Vanir gods. Sleipnir is also the ancestor of another grey horse, Grani, who is … In this latter tale (Yasht 8.21–29), which appears in the Avesta's hymns dedicated to Tishtrya, the divinity is opposed by Apaosha, the demon of drought, which appears as a black stallion.[12]. Baldur was the Norse god of light and the most beloved of the Aesir gods. In the Marvel … By blood, Loki is a half-giant and also a shapeshifter, which has allowed him to have many non-human children. Heidrun: Heidrun is a she-goat who eats the leaves of Laerad, Heidrun produces a never-ending supply of mead for the Gods and heroes at their nightly feats. The reasons for Vali’s birth are made clear and his actions, while those of … Tyr, however, was a relatively minor god of the Aesir. [33], Gallo-Roman goddess of horses and fertility, This article is about the goddess. They are described as patrolling the earth and keeping it peaceful. These stories were passed down in the form of poetry until the 11th – 18th centuries when the Eddas and other texts were written. Warmind, Morten. There are also white horses which are divinatory, who prophesy or warn of danger. Perceptions of native Celtic goddesses had changed under Roman hegemony: only the names remained the same. [18] It may represent some recollection of Indo-European horse sacrifice, such as the Vedic ashvamedha and the Irish ritual described by Giraldus Cambrensis, both of which have to do with kingship. King, Simón, Francisco Marco, "Religion and Religious Practices of the Ancient Celts of the Iberian Peninsula" in, Thevenot, Emile 1949. In Viking beliefs, Odin was the god of magic, wisdom, and war. [5][6][7], In Norse mythology, Odin's eight-legged horse Sleipnir, "the best horse among gods and men", is described as grey. Cautious and Fortuitous, you are the Norse God Heimdall! Epona's feast day in the Roman calendar was given as December 18 on a rustic calendar from Guidizzolo, Italy,[12] although this may have been only a local celebration. But, just in case a customer boost is needed, his friend can help. [17], The tale was passed along in the context of unseemly man-beast coupling in Giambattista Della Porta's edition of Magia naturalis (1589), a potpourri of the sensible and questionable, erroneously citing Plutarch's Life of Solon. Historians believe, however, that this may not have always been the case. The British author G. K. Chesterton wrote an epic poem titled Ballad of the White Horse. Riding on his horse Sleipnir that has supernatural strength Odin can conquer his enemy using Gungnir, a magical weapon, which is unstoppable in its fight and governs the fortunes of war. She did not want to marry Alf until she saw how strong he was in battle and then she relented. Representing various forms of water, her four horses are named "wind", "rain", "clouds" and "sleet" (Yasht 5.120). Most often, they appear only as fully-grown adults. [6] In an episode preserved in a remark of Pausanias,[7] an archaic Demeter Erinys (Vengeful Demeter) too had also been a Great Mare, who was mounted by Poseidon in the form of a stallion and foaled Arion and the Daughter who was unnamed outside the Arcadian mysteries. [22] In his Satires, the Roman poet Juvenal also links the worship and iconography of Epona to the area of a stable. Phyllis Fray Bober, reviewing Réne Magnen, Miriam Robbins Dexter, "Horse Goddess," in, Theo Brown, "Tertullian and Horse-Cults in Britain", Herbert Kille, "West Country hobby-horses and cognate customs", Wiltshire is believable, but was added to the provenance, merely ". They were made not only by Celts, but also by Germans, Romans, and other inhabitants of the Roman Empire. White horses are also said to draw divine chariots, such as that of Aredvi Sura Anahita, who is the Avesta's divinity of the waters. From earliest times, white horses have been mythologised as possessing exceptional properties, transcending the normal world by having wings (e.g. A series of their dedications to Epona and other Celtic, Roman and German deities was found in Rome, at the Lateran. Njord Njord was the Norse god of the sea, and also of wind and fertility. [11] Day – Son of Night and Delling. [9], In Slavic mythology, the war and fertility deity Svantovit owned an oracular white horse; the historian Saxo Grammaticus, in descriptions similar to those of Tacitus centuries before, says the priests divined the future by leading the white stallion between a series of fences and watching which leg, right or left, stepped first in each row. Benoît compared the rider with most of the riders imaged around the Mediterranean shores. Epona is also indirectly mentioned in Victor Hugo's Les Misérables, as one of his characters is named for her- Éponine. The Norse gods belong to two major clans: Æsir and Vanir. The White Horse of the White Horse Vale Most notably, he is the father of Sleipnir, Odin’s eight-legged horse, Jormungandr, the serpent circling the earth, and Fenrir, a gigantic wolf. In popular video game series The Legend of Zelda, the main character's horse is named "Epona" after the goddess. As a rare or distinguished symbol, a white horse typically bears the hero- or god-figure in ceremonial roles or in triumph over negative forces. [13] The Vedic horse sacrifice or Ashvamedha was a fertility and kingship ritual involving the sacrifice of a sacred grey or white stallion. Le migliori offerte per Eccellente condizione Norreno Horse "God of War" T-Shirt Taglia L sono su eBay Confronta prezzi e caratteristiche di prodotti nuovi e usati Molti articoli con consegna gratis! [30] The "Feast of Epona" involves the blessing of horses and other animals by a local churchman. According to tradition, Abraham lived with one wife (Sarah) in Syria, but Al-Buraq would transport him in the morning to Makkah to see his family there, and then take him back to his Syrian wife in the evening. The divinity takes this form during the last 10 days of every month of the Zoroastrian calendar, and also in a cosmogonical battle for control of rain. Hildisvini is the boar of the Goddess Freya, Hildisvini was made by the dwarves Dain and Nabbi. [25] However, there is no firm evidence of the festival before the 18th Century, A provincial, though not crude, small (7.5 cm high) Roman bronze of a seated Epona, flanked by a small mare and stallion, found in England,[26] is conserved in the British Museum. An inscription to Epona from Mainz, Germany, identifies the dedicator as Syrian. In the New Testament, the Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse include one seated on a white horse[20] and one on a pale horse – the "white" horse carried the rider Conquest (traditionally, Pestilence) while the "pale" horse carried the rider Death. Fernand Benoît found the earliest attestations of a cult of Epona in the Danubian provinces and asserted that she had been introduced in the limes of Gaul by horsemen from the east. [14] The cult of Epona was spread over much of the Roman Empire by the auxiliary cavalry, alae, especially the Imperial Horse Guard or equites singulares augustii recruited from Gaul, Lower Germany, and Pannonia. Epona is mentioned in The Golden Ass by Apuleius, where an aedicular niche with her image on a pillar in a stable has been garlanded with freshly picked roses. Proceedings of the Harvard Celtic Colloquium 36 (2016): 231-40. [3] Because of this, she has been linked to the Romano-Celtic fertility horse goddess Epona and other instances of the veneration of horses in early Indo-European culture. The medieval Welsh figure Rhiannon rides a white horse but has no other direct attributes in common with Epona. "Once More the Celtic Horse-Goddess." Bragi – The Norse God of poetry and eloquence. Loki’s name thus elicits both positive and negative connotations in Norse mythology. In Norse mythology, Loki, Loptr, or Hveðrungr is a god, jotun, or both.He is the son of Fárbauti and Pene, and the brother of Helblindi and Býleistr. 99 Horse Names There are tons of horse names out there, but you prefer something unique. He generated with jotun Angrboða, Hela, the wolf Fenrir and the serpent Jörmungandr. Horse Names From Norse Mythology 1. For the video game character, see. Buri – Ancestor of the Norse gods. The second of the two Norse gods you’d likely find enjoying a martini in the corner of a bar is Aegir, the god of alcohol and banquets. She was particularly a goddess of fertility, as shown by her attributes of a patera, cornucopia, ears of grain and the presence of foals in some sculptures. White horses have a special significance in the mythologies of cultures around the world. She was particularly a goddess of fertility, as shown by her attributes of a patera, cornucopia, ears of grain and the presence of foals in some sculptures. [10], A long Latin inscription of the first century BC, engraved in a lead sheet and accompanying the sacrifice of a filly and the votive gift of a cauldron, was found in 1887 at Rom, Deux-Sèvres, the Roman Rauranum. [15][16] Uchaishravas was at times ridden by Indra, lord of the devas. In Irish myth horses are said to be symbols of sovereignty and the sovereignty goddess Macha is associated with them. There are twelve main gods in Norse mythology: Odin, Thor, Balder, Vidar, Vale, Brage, Heimdall, Ty, Njord, Froy, Ull and Forsete, – where Njord and Froy are not Aesirs, but Vanirs living in Asgard. [14] Similar rituals may have taken place among Roman, Celtic and Norse people, but the descriptions are not so complete. Mackinac Island does not permit personal automobiles; the primary source of transportation remains the horse, so celebrating Epona has special significance on this island in the upper midwest. In Irish Myth Donn "god of the dead" portrayed as a phantom horseman riding a white horse, is considered an aspect of The Dagda "the great God" also known as "the horseman" and is the origin of the Irish "Loch nEachach" for Loch Neagh. He also happened to be blind, and appears a few times in the Norse … Forseti (pronounced “for-SET-ee;” Old Norse Forseti, “Chairman”[1]) is an obscure pre-Christian Norse god. He is also the father of Hel, Goddess of the underworld. The chariot of the solar deity Surya is drawn by seven horses, alternately described as all white, or as the colours of the rainbow. Waddell, John. In Celtic mythology, Rhiannon, a mythic figure in the Mabinogion collection of legends, rides a "pale-white" horse. There, it’s said that Forseti’s dwelling-place, Glitnir, is a resplendent hall made of gold … Continue reading Forseti → He was the greatest of all Norse gods and the ruler of Valhalla, where brave warriors went when they died. Her first marriage to Naglfari produced her first son, Audr, a god of prosperity.Her second marriage, to Annar, produced her only daughter, the giantess Jörð, who, by Odin, was the mother of Thor.Her third and only lasting marriage is to Dellingr, the god of dawn and mornings. "provincial, but not barbaric" is the assessment of the style by Catherine Johns, "A Roman Bronze Statuette of Epona", Identified as a yoke by Catherine Johns 1971; its misidentification as a, Irish ritual described by Giraldus Cambrensis, "Magia naturalis, sive De miraculis rerum naturalium", "Animals Are Blessed During Feast of Epona", Epona: a Gaulish and Brythonic goddess (Divine Horse), http://www.jstor.org/stable/j.ctvh1dtnp.12, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Epona&oldid=996694102, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from May 2012, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2020, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from June 2015, Articles with disputed statements from October 2012, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Euskirchen, Marion (1993). As part of its legendary dimension, the white horse in myth may be depicted with seven heads (Uchaishravas) or eight feet (Sleipnir), sometimes in groups or singly. Herodotus reported that white horses were held as sacred animals in the Achaemenid court of Xerxes the Great (ruled 486–465 BC),[2] while in other traditions the reverse happens when it was sacrificed to the gods. Odin was the father of the Norse … A secondary pair of twins fathered by Zeus, Amphion and Zethus, the legendary founders of Thebes, are called "Dioskouroi, riders of white horses" (λευκόπωλος) by Euripedes in his play The Phoenician Women (the same epithet is used in Heracles and in the lost play Antiope). They are often associated with the sun chariot,[1] with warrior-heroes, with fertility (in both mare and stallion manifestations), or with an end-of-time saviour, but other interpretations exist as well. The unicorn ) for her- Éponine around the earth on his horse Skinfaxi battle and then relented... 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