Like most coniferous trees, firs have needle-like leaves that stay green all year long. This tree is one of the best specimens for shady areas. Unlike fir trees, the large brown cones don’t grow erect but droop from the branches. The barrel-shaped cones are 3 to 6 inches long, green or pale blue maturing to brown or purple, but they may not appear on the tree for the first 40 years. They can be distinguished by their leaves, often called needles. Identifying features are the 2 rows of green needles on each twig and small fat light-brown colored cones. Soil texture – several types: • Sand – gritty, large soil particles. 18 Mugo Pine. The shape of the slender fir tree appears to taper to a point. Fraser firs are one of the most popular types of Christmas trees due to their mild sent, soft needles, and good conical shape. Historically, this was the first species to be used as Christmas trees in Europe. Fir trees also produce some of the most colorful types of conifer cones. Some species of fir tree such as the Fraser fir, balsam fir, and noble fir are popular Christmas trees. Pacific silver fir is a major species in the forest cover type Coastal True Fir-Hemlock (Society of American Foresters Type 226). Types of Fir Wood . The scientific name of the California red fir gives a clue as to its size and stature. This fragrant species also grows in an attractive pyramid shape. Its flattened needle leaves help to identify this Abies species along with green cones that grow to between 2.3” and 4.7” (6 – 12 cm) long. The easiest way to identify fir trees is by looking at their needles and cones. Although many species of fir have a common name “white fir,” the Abies concolor is a distinct species. These are arranged spirally on the twigs and are slightly curved in shape. The needles are soft and are dark glossy green in color. They are native to mountainous regions in cold climates, growing naturally throughout much of Europe, Asia, North Africa, and the Americas. Fir trees make useful specimen plantings and have erect cones. 1. As the tree grows, the bark becomes ridged and takes on a light brown color. This tree has good pest resistance and makes a great screen or specimen. Southwest. The Balsam Fir Tree. As can be seen from the outline of debate below, there is no 'correct' list of trees of Britain and Ireland. These trees native to India and Pakistan and require a lot of humidity and rainfall to grow well. Or select a region for a larger-scale map. The west Himalayan fir grows to between 130 and 200 ft. (40 – 60 m) tall. The bark is charcoal gray. The seed cones are 3 1/2 to 8 1/2 inches long, yellow-green in color, ripening to brown. Hardy to -40 degrees F, the slow growth rate of this variety makes it great for folks who don’t have the time or inclination to regularly prune their shrubs. The tree is identified by the fact that it has foliage almost the whole length of its trunk. It is also found in the following types: Mountain Hemlock, Engelmann Spruce-Subalpine Fir, Sitka Spruce, Western Hemlock, Western Redcedar and Pacific Douglas-Fir. Dwarf varieties of these evergreens are some of the most popular Christmas trees. American mountain-ash. South central. They are closely related to other coniferous trees in the family Pinaceae such as pines and cedars. European silver firs are also popular Christmas trees in North America and Europe. Cones on noble firs are long and cylindrical and can grow to between 4” and 9” (10 – 22 cm) long. With waxy, bright green leaves, and large fragrant flowers, it has become a beacon of old time southern hospitality. The cylindrical seed cones are 6 inches long and are dark reddish-brown in color. The flattened needles range from 1/2 to 1 1/4 inches long, with stripes on the undersides. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series. Fir tree wood is a type of softwood that has no resistance to decay or disease. The White fir has soft needles that are light bluish-green above, and measure up to 2.3 (6 cm) long. Click on the map as close as possible to your intended planting site. The bark of noble fir trees is reddish-brown when mature. The needles are very sharp, inspiring another common name, hedgehog fir. Barbara Gillette is a Master Gardener, Herbalist, beekeeper, and journalist with decades of experience propagating and growing fruits, vegetables, herbs, and ornamentals. Note: The Balsam wooly adelgid (Adelges piceae) has decimated many of these trees since it was introduced into the tree's native range. The leaves are flat and resemble needles. Because the noble’s needles grow upward from particularly stiff branches, they keep everything from ornaments to candy canes to handfuls of tinsel from slipping off. The tree has flattened, shiny, dark green needles up to one inch long, and have white bands on the undersides. Southeast. Fir trees(Genus: Abies) are a unique genus of evergreen trees. Since there are different types of evergreen trees for different purposes, here is a list of my recommended ones with information and with tips on how to use them in your landscape. The cones of this pindrow fir are broad and large. There are about 56 varieties of fir in the world today. Additional, more detailed characteristics are used to separate the different species of these three groups of coniferous evergreens. Fir trees are a species of large evergreen conifer trees that are mainly found in North America, Europe, and Asia. As the cones mature, they change in color from dark purple to brown before disintegrating. The Spanish fir is closely related to the Moroccan fir which has slightly longer cones on it. The fir needles have a distinct citrus aroma. Balsam fir (Abies balsamea) is usually the most reasonably priced and abundant cut tree. phanerolepis. Unlike many types of fir trees, the cones also appear on young trees which enhance their attractiveness. Fir trees are woody plants that belong to the genus Abies. Other types of soft fir trees have denser foliage. Types of Evergreen Trees #3: Magnolia Tree The magnolia tree is a popular broadleaf evergreen tree in the south, although it is being cultivated to grow in northern climates. Fir trees are one of more than 45 species of evergreen trees. Learn tips for creating your most beautiful (and bountiful) garden ever. Both types of trees can grow to reach 60 feet, unlike the White Spruce which is ideal for growing in pots or along the perimeter of your home. Depending on where this “fir” tree is found in the world, it is also called the Oregon pine, Douglas spruce, red fir, or red pine. The trees have a reliably symmetrical shape with a wide base and dark green, broad needles. This fir tree species has female cones that look like raspberries. Aug 18, 2014 - Here you will find many types of evergreen trees, along with those that are fast growing and which ones I would recommend...and why! Fir Trees. Also called the Rocky Mountain fir, this medium-sized evergreen grows at high altitudes in cold humid climates. • Silt – smooth and slippery when wet, small soil particles. It is also known as the Rocky Mountain fir. As with most fir trees, the long cones grow erect on the stems. Evergreen trees work well for practical use as an outdoor privacy screen or windbreaker. West Himalayan firs have needle-like leaves which are the longest of any fir species. There are many reasons why the balsam fir has become a popular type of Christmas tree. Firs are trees that do best in relatively cool, moist conditions. This is one of the tallest types of fir tree and its botanical name procera literally means tall. Alternate-leaf dogwood. Maine Native Fir Trees, Abies and Pseudotsuga There are two varieties of Abies balsamea, one being typical of the species, var. Although they look similar to pine trees or spruce trees, the needle like leaves and the types of cones help to tell them apart. As the fir tree matures, the bark changes from smooth and soft to rough and fissured. It’s a convention we see all over the place; tulip poplars aren’t poplar trees and Douglas fir are not true firs. The branches are densely packed with flattened, glossy dark-green needles up to 1 1/4 inches long, and have two white bands on the undersides. Dwarf Balsam Fir (Abies balsamea ‘Nana’): A squat, rounded fir with lush needles, this compact plant deserves a place on every list of dwarf evergreen trees. The smooth, gray bark of young trees becomes rough and orange-red on older trees. A popular choice as a Christmas tree, the balsam fir also yields aromatic oils and resins and is used for making paper. Leaves of this evergreen are flat, soft and tend to grow in bunches. American beech. Other descriptive names of this fir include giant fir, western white fir, and great silver fir. Popularly grown types of fir tree are noble firs, Fraser firs, balsam firs, Douglas firs, and giant firs. They have slightly blunted tips that curl at the ends. Its obvious how evergreens got their name; they keep their foliage all year round, unlike deciduous trees that shed theirs in fall. We’re familiar with trees like Alaskan cedar and western red cedar, but they are cedars in name only. Types of Evergreen Trees That Will Leave You Wonder-struck. Fraser Fir (Abies fraseri) This type of fir is native to the Appalachian Mountains in the southeastern United States. Types of trees such as pines, firs, spruces, and cedars only lose their leaves gradually and they stay green all year long. These trees are very fragrant when first cut. The balsam fir is identified by its flat needles that grow to 1.18” (3 cm) long. The grand fir tree is also called giant fir due to its height. These can be up to 3” (7.6 cm) long and 0.8” (2 cm) wide. Some of the most commonly planted firs include: White Fir (Abies concolor) – this fir tree has soft, gray-green to silvery blue-green foliage. Light: Full sun. Fir, Douglas. Leave the tree in the container you purchased it in for the first season, if possible, bringing it indoors for no more than 10 days at a stretch. Balsam firs grow to between 46 and 66 ft. (14 – 20 m) tall with some of the tallest trees reaching 90 ft. (27 m). These coniferous trees prefer cooler climates where they get full sun. Firs (Abies) are a genus of 48–56 species of evergreen coniferous trees in the family Pinaceae. They can grow to between 80 and 195 ft. (24 – 60 m). The needles are short (about 1/2 inch long) and pale green-blue in color. The leaves are flat and resemble needles. The needles of Korean fir grow densely on the twigs and curl in on themselves. Fir trees are evergreen conifers that belong to the Abies genus in the Pine family. This narrow tree grows in a symmetrical, pyramidal to a conical shape with flat, shiny dark green needles up to one inch long. Needles that make up the “leaves” are light pale-green and flat. Firs are most closely related to the genus Cedrus (cedar). Cultivars and Varieties: European Silver Fir-Abies alba, Pacific Silver Fir-Abies amabilis, Balsam Fir-Abies balsamea, Greek Fir-Abies cephalonica, White Fir-Abies concolor, Fraser Fir-Abies fraseri, Grand Fir-Abies grandis, Korean Fir-Abies koreana, Alpine Fir-Abies lasiocarpa, Spanish Fir … The ornamental Subalpine Fir tree grows at high altitudes. The important coniferous fir trees of North America include the true firs and Douglas fir. Cones grow upright, with each scale holding two seeds. Their needle-like leaves are similar to fir trees and generally only grow nearer the top of the tree trunk. These characteristics are detailed in many field guides for field identification of trees. Also called the Canaan fir, these fir trees are described as medium-sized trees that have a thick sticky aromatic resin. A favorite species for Christmas trees, the noble fir features long needles in a deep blue-green shade. Another reason why these evergreens are popular at Christmas time is due to their glossy green foliage. The most popular fir trees used for Christmas include the noble fir, fraser fir and balsam fir. In this article, you will learn about the many different species of fir trees and how to identify them. This large fir tree is a popular type of fir that lives up to its common name of being noble. So, whatever your landscaping needs are, there are many varieties of evergreen trees to choose from. John Fraser, a Scottish botanist, was the inspiration for this fir tree's name. They are closely related to other coniferous trees in the family Pinaceae such as pines and cedars. As with most fir trees, branches from the lower part drop off, meaning that foliage is concentrated at the top of the tall tree. The underside of the needles has 2 white stomatal bands giving the foliage a lighter appearance. Their cones are upright and only grow on the highest branches of the tree. Abies, Fir trees are a genus comprised of 66 taxa (species, subspecies and varieties) of evergreen conifer trees. Pine cones are usually oval or triangular-shaped. Due to their coated leaf structure and coniferous top, evergreen trees are never susceptible to arid weather, thus standing tall and long-living. Noble firs grow to between 130 and 230 ft. (40 – 70 m) tall. Learn to identify them, including popular Christmas trees. Fraser fir trees are small evergreen coniferous trees with thin trunks and soft dark-green needles. The California red fir has reddish bark and long cones that grow upwards. The essential oil derived from the needles can be used to treat colds, rheumatism, and nasal congestion. Unlike the clusters of pine needles on a branch, fir tree needles attach individually to the branches and not in clusters or attached to small woody projections. Fir trees are also distinguished by cones that stand upright on the branches like candles. The evergreen conifers have a distinct conical shape, even when mature. These fir trees are some of the tallest fir trees in their native habitats. Fruit: Large woody cones (3-6" long); cylindrical in shape; purple in color. Scotch Pine; When someone mentions a Christmas tree, you probably picture a Scotch pine (also known as a Scots pine). But there are three other species of fir native to Canada — alpine, amabilis and grand — all of which are found in the west. Cones are large and can be up to 7” (18.7 cm) long and 1.6” (4 cm) broad. Pick from a variety of fast growing evergreen trees to add character to your yard, offer foliage year-round, or drastically enhance your landscape. Also named the Caucasian fir tree, the Nordmann fir is native to Europe, Russia, and the Caucasus mountains. It grows slowly and fits into most landscapes. Amazing Columnar Trees: The Best Tall Skinny Trees (With Pictures), Hickory Trees: Types, Bark & Leaves - Identification Guide (Pictures), Walnut Trees: Types, Bark and Leaves - Identification Guide (Pictures), Eucalyptus Plant: Care, Growing Guide and Uses of the Leaves, Types of Fir Trees with Identification Guide and Pictures, Types of Pine Trees with Identification Guide and Pictures, Types of Flowering Trees with Pictures for Easy Identification. Similar in appearance to the balsam fir, the Fraser fir is also a popular Christmas tree. 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